The Freedom Fighters of Surinam   Surinam has known a number of freedom fighters that posed a serious threat to the European colonialist and their slave trade. The Maroons that were able to successfully escape the plantations, did the improbable and organized themselves into settlements within the...

The Songhai Empire  During the West-African golden age [14th - 15th century] the Songhai Empire emerged, from the skeleton of the Mali Empire, to dominate the western region of the continent.    During the gradual decline of the Mali Empire [ca. 1230 - 1670], the ruling elite of...

The fall and Rise of Rwanda   The Republic of Rwanda is a [small] country in eastern-Africa, bordering Congo-Kinshasa, Uganda, Tanzania, and Burundi.The region spent a while under different western rulers, who exhorted the rich environment at the cost of the Rwandan natives. The Belgian colonialists were...

Prolific Thinkers   Malcolm X [Malik El-Shabazz] and Doctor King [Martin Luther King Jr.] were prominent leaders of the civil rights movement in America. Both serving within the same ecosystem of social justice. But how they wanted to achieve that social justice often marked them on opposite...

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